駹駹 繡ôѡѵѵ 餧öѹôͧس仹ҹ ͧѡԹ͹ҫا Ңй 5 ĵԡͧѺöѵѵ ѧ仹

1. N
¤¢Ѻҡ͹ ҨªԹѺҧ (N) ǻöŨзش ѺѵѵǶ繾ĵԡԴѹ! ͧҡشСͺ仴¿ѹͧعѹҵʹ 繵ͧѹ㹡 ͼѡѹѧ˹ N зѹǹ 觼Դ͹ҡһ ҨѹͧҧԴ

2. Դᴧ P
˹ P 颳Шʹöشŧҡö P зԴᴧ ͨʹҧҧաèҨ ͧҡ P зѡͤ㹪شӧҹ ͹˹ ҡԴغѵ˵ض١¢ ҨԴ¡Ѻش ѧ¨ҡêعç鹴 աöҧ蹨лŴͤеٷѹ P ҨԴѹ¨ҡѧաҧҡ

3. ͧǵ D
¤ҡ͡Ǵ¤ǴǷѹ ֧Ըͧ¹͹ Ǩ֧Թ˹ (D) ö͡ҧǴ 觡áзӴѧǨзشҢѺԴ

4. ҡöẺع
ҡöѵѵ 繵ͧ¡͢Ѻ͹աع ҡöѺ͹˹ ͧ¡˹Ң˹; ع੾ͤѧҹ ͧҡҡöǹҡѡԴͧ¹ зѹӧҹ 觼شͧͧԴ´عç з͹٧ ҡҡзҧ ѺͧѺҹ͹ ҡդ繵ͧҡԧ 㹹·ش 20-30 ./. ѧ§ 駹 ҡ繡öʹҧ㹷ʹö 繡繴зҧҹ

5. ԡǹ
ѵѵԨкԡǹѺ᫧ ¡áѹչ˹ѡҡ ¹ѵҷŧ ¡ѧͧ¹ö仢ҧ˹ҧǴ ҡԡǹѹ شͧͧѺçԴҧѹշѹ 觼ءҹǹ㹪شŧͧ